Association of Reproductive Health Professionals
Association of Reproductive Health Professionals
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Environmental Impacts on Reproductive Health

(Published January 2010)

Accreditation, Publication Information, and Post-Test

Scroll down for a link to the post-test.

Learning Objectives

After completing this activity, health care providers should be able to:

  • When counseling patients, use the CH2OPS mnemonic to take a comprehensive environmental health history to assess exposures.
  • Name two adverse effects on reproductive health that may be caused by toxicants that patients typically use or to which they are commonly exposed.
  • List three strategies for reducing exposures to chemicals with potential adverse effects on reproductive health that can be used when providing guidance to a patient.
  • When seeing a female patient who is planning to conceive in the next six months, discuss the risks and benefits of fish consumption and identify consumption guidelines from a reputable source, such as the Food and Drug Administration or the Natural Resources Defense Council.

Supporter Acknowledgement

This publication was funded by an educational grant provided by the Kresge Foundation to Planned Parenthood® Federation of America in partnership with the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals.

Scientific Advisors

Ted Schettler, MD, MPH
Tracey Woodruff, PhD, MPH

This publication is part of a joint program of the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (ARHP) and Planned Parenthood® Federation of America (PPFA) on reproductive health and the environment that also included the following clinical advisors: Kathleen Hill Besinque, PharmD, MSEd, FCSHP; Rivka Gordon, PA-C, MHS; Beth Jordan, MD; Maureen Paul, MD, MPH; Barbara Sattler, RN, DrPH, FAAN; Michael Thomas, MD; and Sandy Worthington, MSN, WHNP-BC, CNM.

ARHP acknowledges Tracey Woodruff, PhD, MPH, associate professor and director, the University of California San-Francisco Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment (PRHE), and Patrice Sutton, MPH, research scientist, PRHE’s From Advancing Science to Ensuring Prevention (FASTEP) Alliance, for developing the original content of the pesticides chapter.

The content of this publication is solely the responsibility of ARHP.

Contributing Staff and Consultants

Jennifer Baldwin, consulting designer
Caroline Brown, MPH, MS, MBA, education associate
Ellen Cohen, CertEd, DipEd, CCMEP, director of education
Rivka Gordon, PA-C, MHS, director of strategic initiatives
Beth Jordan, MD, medical director
Allison Tombros Korman, MHS, associate director of education
Diane Shannon, MD, MPH, consulting writer
Wayne C. Shields, ARHP president and CEO

Financial Disclosure Information

The following committee members and/or contributing staff have a financial interest or affiliation with the manufacturers of commercial products possibly related to topics covered in this issue of Clinical Proceedings. These financial interests or affiliations are in the form of grants, research support, speaker support, or other support. This support is noted to fully inform readers and should not have an adverse impact on the information provided within this publication.

Besinque: Pharmacy Advisory Board and Speakers Bureau for Barr/Duramed and Wyeth (now Pfizer).

Worthington: Support from the Cedar Tree Foundation and the Kresge Foundation through Planned Parenthood® Federation of America.

Baldwin, Brown, Cohen, Gordon, Jordan, Tombros Korman, Paul, Sattler, Shannon, Schettler, Shields, Thomas, and Woodruff have no affiliations to disclose.

Accreditation/Credit Designation

To receive credit for this activity, complete the online post-test and evaluation by January 31, 2012.

Nurse MidwivesAMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ accepted by the Continuing Competency Assessment Program of the American College of Nurse Midwives for programs relevant to nurse midwifery. Nurse Midwives who complete this activity may report up to 2 hours of credit.

Nurses and Nurse Practitioners—This activity has been approved by the Continuing Education Approval Program of the National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health for 2 contact hours, including 1.0 pharmacology hour. Credit can be applied toward the nursing continuing education requirements of most professional organizations and state Boards of Nursing.

Pharmacists—The Association of Reproductive Health Professionals is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education. The assigned universal program number is 0463-0000-10-001-H04-P. This activity provides 2 contact hours of continuing pharmacy education credit.

Physician Assistants—The American Academy of Physician Assistants accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ from organizations accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education. Physician Assistants who complete this activity may report up to 2 credits.


The Association of Reproductive Health Professionals is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

ARHP designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2.0 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.