James Trussell, PhD, and Beth Kruse, MS, ARNP, CNM

James Trussel is the Senior Research Demographer at the Office of Population Research at Princeton University and Honorary Fellow at Edinburgh University. Professor of Economics and Public Affairs, Emeritus at Princeton University. He is the author or co-author of more than 350 scientific publications, primarily in the areas of reproductive health and demographic methodology. His recent research has been focused in three areas: emergency contraception, contraceptive failure, and the cost-effectiveness of contraception. He has actively promoted making emergency contraception more widely available as an important step in helping women reduce their risk of unintended pregnancy; in addition to his research on this topic, he maintains an emergency contraception website (

Beth Kruse is a certified nurse-midwife with many years of clinical practice and research experience in midwifery, well-woman gynecology, family planning, and abortion care. She has helped to develop training programs in medication abortion and has served as faculty in meetings of numerous professional associations both in the United States and abroad. She was the state of Washington's first representative to Midwives for Choice and currently holds a seat on the National Advisory Committee for Clinicians for Choice.