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Quick Reference Guide for Clinicians
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Choosing a Birth Control Method

(Updated June 2014)

 

 

 

 

 

Comparison Chart


Method

Reversible

Discreet

Protects against STIs

Does not contain estrogen

Available over the counter/behind the counter

EXTREMELY EFFECTIVE

Abstinence

X

 

X

X

X

IUC

X

X

 

 X*

 

Female sterilization

 

X

 

X

 

Implant

X

X

 

X

 

Vasectomy

 

X

 

X

 

VERY EFFECTIVE

CHC (patch/pill/ring)

X

    X**

 

 

 

Progestin-only (pill/injection)

X

X

 

X

 

LAM**

X

X

 

X

X

EFFECTIVE

Diaphragm

X

 

 

X

 

Condom (female/male)

X

 

X

X

X

Coitus interruptus (withdrawal)

X

 

 

X

X

MODERATELY EFFECTIVE

Cervical cap

X

 

 

X

 

EC

X

X

 

***

     ***

Fertility awareness (rhythm method)

X

X

 

X

 

Spermicides

X

 

 

X

X

Sponge

X

 

 

X

X

Source: Reference 8

*For Copper T IUD only
**For pill only
***Depends on type